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How Amazon LTL Shipping Works for FBA, Requirements, and Policies

You may wish to know as a merchant how Amazon FBA handles LTL shipments and what fees are involved.   Few of them know that, on averag...

Amazon LTL Shipping

You may wish to know as a merchant how Amazon FBA handles LTL shipments and what fees are involved.


Few of them know that, on average, 95% of company transactions include LTL (less-than-truckload) shipments.


With Amazon FBA's "LTL Trucking" option, you can save a significant amount of money on inbound shipping once your product quantities hit a certain threshold.


You may be wondering now, what exactly is LTL and what the philosophy is behind Amazon's LTL shipments. Let's take a closer look at it.


Table of Content

What Is LTL Shipping?

Advantages of LTL Shipping

When Is LTL Shipping the Best Option?

What Factors Affect LTL Shipping Prices?

Overview of LTL Shipments from Amazon

Conditions for Packing Shipments

Arranging Priority Appointments for Delivery

Condition Of the Vehicle

Amazon Seller Requirements

How Can I Determine The Warehouse Charges For Amazon FBA LTL?

Common Reasons Your Delivery Can Be Rejected


Describe LTL Shipping.

When a load doesn't need to fill an entire trailer, LTL (Less Than Truckload) is a service or choice that can be utilized.


LTL shipping is essentially the freight transportation that takes up very little space inside the entire trailer.


To put it plainly, several shippers will occupy the same vehicle and only pay for the space they really use—they won't be charged for the entire truck. Because of this, LTL shipping is an affordable way to send freight.


Nevertheless, this mode of transportation is limited to shipments weighing between 150 and 15,000 pounds.


Advantages of LTL Shipping

LTL shipping is a highly practical alternative for you because it offers several benefits. Among them are:


Enhanced Security: Before being loaded into a truck, the bulk of LTL shipments are packaged onto pallets. Shipments containing many smaller units have less likelihood of remaining secure than well-packed pallets.

Cost-effective: It appears that this will save a significant amount of money because you won't be using the entire truck's space—just a small fraction of it. LTL becomes an affordable shipping alternative as a result.


Effective Tracking: All LTL carriers provide improved tracking through the bill, which contains information such as the PO number, lading number, shipment reference number, PRO number, pick-up date, and so on.

Service Options: Lift-gates, simple collection, and prompt delivery are just a few of the exclusive services available to you when shipping LTL.

Environmentally friendly: Using the same truck for several people not only saves fuel but also emits less carbon dioxide.


When Is LTL Shipping the Best Option?

To get the most out of your expense reductions, choose LTL.

Select LTL shipping if the package weight is less than fifteen thousand pounds.


If your freight doesn't need a complete trailer, go with LTL.


What Factors Affect LTL Shipping Prices?

The following variables affect LTL shipping rates:


Mode: For an additional cost, all LTL shipments can be expedited.

Dimension: The weight and size of an Amazon shipment define the freight class, which in turn determines the fee.

Location: A major factor in deciding the pricing for LTL shipments is the distance between the source and the destination. Generally speaking, the price increases with distance.


Overview of LTL Shipments from Amazon

For shipments weighing more than 150 pounds, Amazon has teamed up with FTL/LTL (Full Truckload/Partial Truckload) Carriers.


These carriers now provide incredibly low prices for both the pickup and delivery of your FBA (Fulfilled By Amazon) incoming shipments.


The costs are initially charged to Amazon's account, after which they forward the charges to you, which appear on your Settlement Report as "Inbound Transportation Charges."


How Can I Schedule An LTL Shipment To Amazon?

The guidelines listed below should be followed if you are using the LTL option to transport your stock to the Amazon Fulfillment Center:

Pallet Label and Pallet Needs

All shipments of large parcels ought to be palletized. Pallets ought to measure as follows:


1200 mm  x 1000 mm

Any other size pallet will be refused right away.


·       If floor-loaded shipments are not approved in advance by Amazon, they will not be accepted. Unauthorized floor-loaded shipments may be charged a non-compliance fee, be refused at the dock, or be returned to the individual merchant at their expense.

·       In the upper right corner of the unitized load, each pallet should prominently display the Vendor's name, the From and To address, the Number of cartons, the PO number, and the Pallet #____ of _____ pallets.

·       Each pallet must contain the approved amounts.

·       "Mixed SKUs" or "mixed merchandise" should be the label applied to every pallet containing products that are different yet visually similar.


·       Every pallet needs to be plastic-wrapped and have a notice on it that warns the carrier to "do not break the stretch-wrap."

·       Pallets with damage or breakage won't be accepted and may be rejected at the merchant's expense.

·       Pallets are non-transferable.

·       When single-stacked, pallets cannot be higher than 1.5 meters.


·       A pallet carton is limited to 33 pounds in weight. If anything weighs more than this, it needs to be labeled as "Heavy Weight." To ensure that it is easily readable, it should be printed in large block letters.

·       Nothing may protrude more than 25 mm past the edge of a pallet.


Conditions for Packing Shipments

To guarantee that your inventory gets to the Amazon fulfillment centers securely, it's critical to package your shipment correctly.


If you plan to ship your merchandise via LTL shipping, you must follow Amazon's box specifications in order for it to arrive at the warehouse without incident.


How ought one to proceed?

The following will be your responsibilities as an FBA seller:


·       Constructing the shipping of pallets

·       Making use of regular pallets

·       Respecting the label requirements on the pallet

·       Planning the delivery

·       Giving the Bill of Lading (BOL)

·       Giving the Amazon shipment ID, (PRO) tracking number, and reference ID to the appropriate carrier


How ought your carrier to proceed?

Make certain that your carrier:

·       Contains the reference ID, (PRO) tracking number, and Amazon shipping ID.

·       Respects the standards established for the condition of the vehicle

·       Makes a prior appointment for the delivery

Carrier Specifications Regarding LTL Delivery

As previously stated, it is your sole responsibility as a seller to make sure the carrier you select satisfies the specifications listed below.


Note: The delivery will be refused if the carrier you select disregards the terms and conditions. Thus, be sure to follow the guidelines provided below.

·      When arranging a dock appointment, Amazon will require the carrier to provide their Amazon Shipment ID, (PRO) tracking number, and reference ID on the BOL.

·       Pallet and box counts should be communicated by the carrier prior to the planned appointment. The Unit counts may be requested by the Amazon fulfillment center.

·       Upon reaching the Amazon fulfillment center, the carrier is expected to furnish a BOL document that satisfies Amazon's specifications. If a physical copy of the BOL document is unavailable, the carrier may nevertheless offer a soft copy.


Arranging Priority Appointments for Delivery

A delivery appointment must be scheduled with the carrier you select to deliver your shipments. Prior to arranging a delivery appointment, make sure you and your carrier have finished all required processes.


·       Remember that professional carriers can only schedule a delivery appointment to any of Amazon's fulfillment centers; public deliveries are not permitted.

·       Prior to the appointment being approved, the carrier must be registered with Amazon.

·       Without a booked appointment, a cargo won't be accepted at its fulfillment center.


·       The shipment will be denied without incurring any fees for Amazon in the event that the appointment is missed by thirty minutes or more. In addition, a fresh appointment for redelivery must be asked for, made, and approved.

·       Carriers need to follow Amazon's delivery guidelines and safety norms.

·       Carriers should make their appointments 24 hours in advance for incoming deliveries.


In the event that unforeseen weather causes a shipment to be delayed, Amazon should be notified by the relevant carrier. Revisions will be made by Amazon according to availability.



To arrange a delivery time, take the actions indicated below:


·       Fill up the FBA Booking Form by downloading it.

·       Send the carrier an email including this form and a link to the Carriers User Manual.

·       Make an account (if you don't already have one) with your carrier.

·       Open your Carrier Central account and make an appointment request.

·       Within a day of receiving your request and checking the information, Amazon will reply.

·       Your appointment for delivery will be arranged based on availability. You will be advised of the day and time.


Note: Carriers should state clearly that the package is for FBA (Fulfillment by Amazon) when you make an appointment. In order to speed up the appointment booking process and guarantee correct reception of the inventory, it is also necessary to give the FBA Shipment ID.


Condition Of the Vehicle

It's crucial that the vehicle fulfills Amazon's requirements for delivery of your items or products:


·       The pallet jack should be able to support the entire weight of the car on its floor.

·       Amazon does not accept trailers with uneven or corrugated flooring due to safety concerns.

·       The floor of the car should be secure, intact, and well-maintained.

·       The car should be spotless, waterproof, and odor-free (especially when transporting food and medical supplies).

·       The straps ought to be fastened securely.


·       In the event that the authorities are unable to properly unload the products, any truck, trailer, cargo, or portion of the shipment may be denied at the fulfillment facility. In certain situations, an email address linked to your seller central account will receive a notification.


Amazon Seller Requirements

 For LTL This section mostly covers the specifications for boxes and pallets.

Box Limits:

A single LTL shipment is limited to 4,999 boxes. You must create a second shipment if you need to transport more than 4,999 boxes.


Requirements For The Pallet:

·       Use 4-way access, 40-inch x 48-inch wooden pallets.

·       You cannot dispatch units on pallets that are made of fragile material like particle board or cardboard.

·       If a large, single unit doesn’t fit in a pallet of 40-inch x 48-inch, go for a pallet type and size that is suitable for it.

·       Ship the units on B Grade GMA Standard for higher pallets. Irrespective of the material (composite, plywood, lumber, etc.), the B Grade GMA Standard pallets have:

·       Not less than four boards at the bottom

·       6 – 7 boards at the top, based on the board width

·       4-way entry

·       Stringers for extra support

·       Ship your grocery products on 1A Grade GMA Standard pallets only. The 1A Grade GMA Standard pallets have:

·       5 boards at the bottom

·       7 boards at the top

·       4-way entry

·       Stringers for extra support

·       No block repairs

·       The GMA Standard Grades 1A & 1B are only acceptable for Personal, Beauty, and Health Care products. The 1B Grade GMA Standard pallets have:

·       Not less than four boards at the bottom

·       6 – 7 boards at the top, based on the board width

·       4-way entry

·       Stringers for extra support

·       Only one stringer might include a plug

·       Damaged and broken pallets will not be accepted. They will be rejected immediately at the dock at the seller’s expenditure.

·       Ship only if the pallets are in proper condition.


How Can I Determine The Warehouse Charges For Amazon FBA LTL?

You can assess how much it will cost for Amazon LTL to transport to its warehouse by following the procedures shown below.


Step 1: Create a shipment plan by visiting the Prepare Shipment page on Amazon Seller Central.

Step 2: You will notice two options under Shipping Service: Shipping Carrier & Shipping Method.

Step 3: Select Less than truckload (LTL) under Shipping Method.

Step 4: Select Amazon-Partnered Carrier under Shipping Carrier.

Step 5: Select the method of packing your package from the dropdown menu under the "Shipping Packing" section. After completing the necessary fields, press the bottom confirm button.

Step 6: You can get an estimate for your pallet under Pallet Information. Nonetheless, you must include information regarding the dimensions, weight, and number of pallets. You'll see a checkbox choice next to the STACKABLE PALLETS option on the right. Don't check it, as Amazon may send a vehicle to pick up just the pallets that are stackable. Consequently, your pallets won't fit inside the truck if they can't be stacked.

Step 7: Select the date, the person to contact, the fright class (select 100), and the declared value (the commercial value of your cargo) under the Shipping Charges section.

Step 8: In order to obtain an estimate of the costs associated with Amazon LTL, click the calculate button at the bottom.


Common Reasons Your Delivery Can Be Rejected

·       When there is no booking or appointment scheduled for delivery

·       Incorrect vehicle type

·       Single delivery appointment for numerous vehicles

·       Late or early delivery

·       Unsafe pallet or vehicle

·       Damaged freight

·       No access to the stock because of non-Amazon inventory blocking access

·       Tampered freight

·       Damaged freight

·       Improper or no paperwork for delivery

·       Inaccessible pallets

·       Vehicles that disallow Amazon from offloading the inventory from the backside

·       Surpassing the quantities that are already booked during the appointment

Read More:

How to Join the Amazon Partner Carrier Program: A Seller's Guide

SEO Navigation: Staying Competitive in Evolution

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